2005 MFA-Photography, Academy of Art University, San Francisco, CA.
2002 Photography Intensive Course, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA.
1987 MA-Broadcast Communication Arts, School of Creative Arts, San Francisco State University, CA.
1985 Second BA-French, Foreign Languages and Literatures, School of Humanities, SFSU, CA.
1982 Journalism and French courses, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
1981 BA-Audiovisual Education, Ewha Women's University, Seoul, Korea.